Ghana became the first African country to gain independence in 1957. After independence was gained, Ghana struggled for years with leadership instability, economic and political problems. However, the most recent elections in 2008 were fair and transparent, with the demonstrated result being a peaceful transition of power to a new party, and the country’s adherence to democratic institutions and principles. In recent years, many individuals and organizations have made advances to improve healthcare, hygiene, and education.
Unfortunately, malnutrition, disease, and a large economic valley between well-paid workers and low-paid workers have slowed some of this progress. Contributing to this hinderance as well, the population in Ghana has been growing more quickly than facilities to provide proper social services can be created. One way that Ghanaians have used to address these issues has been to create community NGOs to help provide the basic social services that residents need.