China is the most populous country in the world with over 1 billion residents. Considering the growing economy, increasing modernization, urbanization, and a continuous population shift from rural to urban areas, China is in the midst of many significant changes. Unfortunately, these rapid changes have created a ripple effect on China and its people. There continues to be a demonstrated need for labor in many regions as the push toward industrialization continues. However, new skills continue to be required for those people with rural and agricultural backgrounds. Above the increasing demand for education and new skills, the population shift adds to the challenges of overcrowding in China’s urban centers, including unemployment and a lack of social services. In addition, the people left behind in the rural regions become even more isolated from the changes happening at a national level, and even further from the benefits and comforts of a growing economy.